Jenny Shaffer is Adjunct Associate Professor of Art History at New York University School of Professional Studies/Division of Applied Undergraduate Studies. Her research centers on ways in which buildings generate and communicate layered meanings within the complex contexts of their production and reception, with a focus on early medieval architecture, and Charlemagne’s chapel at Aachen in particular. She has explored these issues in publications which include: “Picking Up the Pieces of Charlemagne’s Column Screens: The Church at Ottmarsheim, the Westbau of Essen, and the Discovery of Aachen’s Copies” (Marburger Jahrbuch für Kunstwissenschaft, 2015); “Restoring Charlemagne’s chapel: historical consciousness, material culture, and transforming images of Aachen in the 1840s” (Journal of Art Historiography, 2012); and “Letaldus of Micy, Germigny-des-Prés and Aachen: Histories, Contexts, and the Problem of Likeness in Medieval Architecture” (Viator, 2006). Shaffer is currently writing a book of essays that revolves around the long and tangled lives of selected Carolingian buildings. While at Bard Graduate Center, she will be working on a chapter for this project: “The Church of Saint-Riquier: Lost Monument as Work in Progress.”